Acne Treatment

One of the most prevalent skin problems is acne. Many people have experienced it or may experience it in the future. But to further confuse matters, teen acne and adult acne are two different conditions. Everything you did to defend yourself the first time you battled acne in your teens won’t necessarily work for you as an adult. Teenage acne is frequently caused by a change in hormones that comes with maturing, although adult acne can be caused by a variety of factors. Forget what you believed to be true and pay attention.


Acne is mostly brought on by excessive sebum production and clogged pores. The expression “clogged pores” keeps coming up in conversation. A discussion on acne would be incomplete without mentioning it, at the risk of repetition. You may be sure that there are clogged pores wherever there is acne.

Millions of tiny holes (pores) connect our skin’s surface to the sebaceous glands that are located beneath the skin. In a healthy amount, they generate sebum, an oily material that keeps the skin moisturised and forms a waterproof layer to keep the body’s water content as high as possible.

Dead skin cells, germs, and sebum all pass through a follicle on their way to being washed away. The follicle becomes clogged when it is straining to work overtime while being overflowing with sebum and debris. This might cause an infection. The body then switches to self-healing mode and sends an SOS (save our skin) signal to the rest of the body to send more blood cells to the part that is inflamed. Because of this, when you pop a pimple, pus and blood come out. It’s a physically remarkable as well as disgusting motion.

However, we can’t totally put the blame on clogged pores. The way we live can also be a factor in those bothersome pimples. Because stress, food, and insufficient sleep are all connected to hormones, they can directly affect the chemical balance of your skin, making it more susceptible to acne.


Identifying the type of acne you have is the first step to treating it. Acne can be flat on the surface of the skin or raised and fit into the following categories:

Comedones – These are tiny papules that are skin-coloured. Blackheads are closed comedones, whereas whiteheads are open comedones. Most people mistake blackheads for dirt, but when comedones are open, melanin interacts with oxygen and oxidises, darkening in colour.

Milia – Dead skin cells that become caught on their way out of the body, also known as milk spots, usually form a tiny cyst. They may spontaneously remove themselves over the course of a few months, depending on how near they were to the skin’s surface.

Papules – the kind of acne that is most closely associated with skin conditions. Red lumps without a pus centre are called papules. They typically take a few days to fill up with pus, during which time we have repeatedly prodded, stabbed, and pricked them in order to get that pleasurable pop. However, we strongly advise you to resist any temptations because having beautiful skin is much more pleasurable than popping a pimple.

Pustules – When papules contain pus, they become pustules.

Nodules – are the hardest form of acne to overcome. They typically remain solid beneath the skin and don’t form whiteheads. Nodules, which can be very painful, are signs that an infection from a blocked pore has migrated deeply into the layers of the skin. You must absolutely refrain from attempting to pick at these.

Cysts – essentially nodules, but softer because they contain pus. Since they will hurt just as badly, you won’t feel the need to play with them.


It seems unjust that stress-related acne development or aggravation would add to our stress levels. Our bodies respond to stress by creating the hormones cortisol and androgens as a form of defence. The problem is that they increase sebum production.

We have little influence over many factors that cause stress, but we do have some control over how we choose to deal with it. You can achieve this by engaging in self-care activities, engaging in regular exercise to increase your feel-good endorphins, and starting a journal to help you better process your emotions.


Although we know it’s harder said than done given the poor food habits we’ve developed during lockdown (you’re not alone if you got into contact with your fridge more than anybody else), our diet is a little easier to control than stress. Foods heavy in sugar and refined carbohydrates raise insulin levels, which subsequently trigger the body to generate more oil, increasing the likelihood of a clogged pore.

We hate to be the ones to encourage you to cut back on your intake of carbohydrates and sugar, especially if you have a very sweet appetite. You need a healthy quantity of each, but moderation is key. This doesn’t mean eliminating it altogether (we’d never be so harsh).


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